Pre-Diabetes What is it?

Pre Diabetic
I found an interesting article that I have placed a link to here.


Pre diabetes, type 2 diabetes and heart disease can be prevented by making lifestyle changes, including:Management of pre-diabetes

  • Weight loss helps the insulin your body makes to work better and lower your blood glucose levels.
  • Physical activity it is important to do regular moderate physical activity to help manage your weight, and reduce your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Exercise also makes your insulin work better.
  • A healthy diet this involves less fat, especially saturated fats, and more fruit, vegetables and high-fibre wholegrain foods.
  • Stopping smoking smoking causes insulin resistance and increases the risk of blood vessel disease.
  • Blood pressure and cholesterol control these should be kept under control and checked regularly.

In most cases, if enough lifestyle changes are made, type 2 diabetes can be prevented.

This link is to an Australian, Victoria government web site

Diabetes – pre-diabetes – Better Health Channel

Pre-diabetes is a risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes has no symptoms, but there is a range of risk factors, including obesity, smoking, heart disease, polycystic ovary syndrome and high blood pressure. Pre-diabetes is diagnosed using tests for blood glucose levels. Without treatment, about one in three people with pre-diabetes will develop type 2 diabetes.

Table source
http://www.joslin.org/info/goals_for_blood_glucose_control.html

Time of Check Goal plasma blood glucose ranges
for people without diabetes mmol/l
Goal plasma blood glucose ranges
for people with diabetes mmol/l
Before breakfast (fasting) < 5.54

3.88 – 7.21

Before lunch, supper and snack < 6.10

3.88 – 7.21

Two hours after meals

< 7.76

< 9.98

Bedtime

< 6.65

4.99- 8.32

 

http://www.soc-bdr.org/rds/authors/unit_tables_conversions_and_genetic_dictionaries/conversion_glucose_mg_dl_to_mmol_l/index_en.html

mg/dl => mmol/l mmol/l => mg/dl
40 ~ 2.2 2.0 ~ 36
45 ~ 2.5 2.5 ~ 45
50 ~ 2.8 3.0 ~ 54
55 ~ 3.1 3.5 ~ 63
60 ~ 3.3 4.0 ~ 72
65 ~ 3.6 4.5 ~ 81
70 ~ 3.9 5.0 ~ 90
75 ~ 4.2 5.5 ~ 99
80 ~ 4.4 6.0 ~ 108
85 ~ 4.7 6.5 ~ 117
90 ~ 5.0 7.0 ~ 126
95 ~ 5.3 7.5 ~ 135
100 ~ 5.6 8.0 ~ 144
110 ~ 6.2 8.5 ~ 153
120 ~ 6.7 9.0 ~ 162
130 ~ 7.2 9.5 ~ 171
140 ~ 7.8 10.0 ~ 180
150 ~ 8.3 10.5 ~ 189
160 ~ 8.9 11.0 ~ 198
170 ~ 9.4 11.5 ~ 207
180 ~ 10.0 12.0 ~ 216
190 ~ 10.6 12.5 ~ 225
200 ~ 11.1 13.0 ~ 234
220 ~ 12.2 13.5 ~ 243
240 ~ 13.3 14.0 ~ 252
260 ~ 14.4 14.5 ~ 261
280 ~ 15.5 15.0 ~ 270
300 ~ 16.7 16.0 ~ 288
320 ~ 17.8 17.0 ~ 306
340 ~ 18.9 18.0 ~ 324
360 ~ 20.0 19.0 ~ 342
380 ~ 21.1 20.0 ~ 360
400 ~ 22.2 21.0 ~ 378
420 ~ 23.3 22.0 ~ 396
440 ~ 24.4 23.0 ~ 414
460 ~ 25.5 24.0 ~ 432
Calculate mg/dl x 0.0555 = mmol/l Calculate mmol/l x 18.018 = mg/dl